by Calculated Risk on 3/09/2023 01:52:00 PM
The Federal Reserve released the Q4 2022 Flow of Funds report today: Financial Accounts of the United States.
Household debt increased 2.3 percent at an annual rate in the fourth quarter of 2022. Consumer credit grew at an annual rate of 7 percent, while mortgage debt (excluding charge-offs) grew at an annual rate of 4.4 percent.
Click on graph for larger image.
The first graph shows Households and Nonprofit net worth as a percent of GDP.
The second graph shows homeowner percent equity since 1952.
Household percent equity (as measured by the Fed) collapsed when house prices fell sharply in 2007 and 2008.
In Q4 2022, household percent equity (of household real estate) was at 71.2% – down slightly from 71.6% in Q3, 2022. This is close to the highest percent equity since the early 1980s.
Note: This includes households with no mortgage debt.
The third graph shows household real estate assets and mortgage debt as a percent of GDP. Note this graph was impacted by the sharp decline in Q2 2020 GDP.
Mortgage debt increased by $155 billion in Q4.
Mortgage debt is up $1.82 trillion from the peak during the housing bubble, but, as a percent of GDP is at 47.9% – down from Q3 – and down from a peak of 73.3% of GDP during the housing bust.
The value of real estate, as a percent of GDP, decreased in Q4 – after peaking in Q2 2022 – and is well above the average of the last 30 years.